Suitable Treatment for Older Dogs of Small Breed
As they get older, our beloved pets require more attention and care.
Living with a senior dog will involve varying routines. Among many other things, we will have to adapt their diet, reduce the level of exercise and increase the frequency of visits to the veterinarian.
And, although each dog will reach old age at a different time – depending on their health, habits, and diet – animals of small breeds and mestizos are the ones that take longer to age and, therefore, usually live longer.
Common problems in older dogs of small breed
Dogs of small breeds are considered to weigh up to 10 kilograms. Among the most popular are the Fox Terrier, the Chihuahua, the Maltese Bichon, the Yorkshire Terrier and the Shih Tzu.
These animals are usually considered old for 10 years and their life expectancy can extend to 15 or more.
But, regardless of size or breed, when dogs enter the elderly, they usually have different signs of physical and mental deterioration:
- Loss of mobility and agility due to the bone and joint problems.
Luckily, there are currently joint anti-inflammatory and regenerative products that do not cause adverse effects and can be used in long-term therapies without causing inconvenience.
Keep in mind that some toy breeds, such as the Poodle or the Yorkshire, usually develop spinal problems due to “parrot peaks” (osteophytosis) and disc herniations, as well as knee dislocations with ligament distention.
- An increase in water consumption and frequency of urination, which can be signs of diabetes or kidney problems.
- Loss of sight, usually from cataracts, and deafness.
- Changes in behavior.
Elderly dogs that suffer from central nervous system wear have a series of symptoms similar to humans suffering from Alzheimer’s disease. Among them, disorientation, confusion, lack of memory and personality changes.
Alterations in social, eliminate and exploratory behavior and sleep disorders that can be classified as insane states, characterized by the decrease of intellectual functions of an organic nature are observed.
- Dental disadvantages, for loss or breakage of parts and gum problems.
How to care for an elderly dog
We tell you some details to improve the daily life of your little one. With some patience and a lot of love, you will surely make this stage of your life more comfortable.
- Do not force him to exercise excessively. Let him regulate his physical activity according to his possibilities. But try not to give up the habit of a good daily walk.
- Do not stop playing with him or providing toys to keep his mind active.
- Avoid the stairs, especially if you have a Dachshund or dachshund, prone to intervertebral disc disease (EDIV).
- Try to move along rough or carpeted floors to prevent slips and their consequences: strains, sprains, etc.
- Give it a specific feed for your age and size. The veterinarian will surely advise you on the best options. But keep in mind that there are foods for small, senior dogs made in the market to take care of dental, joint, intestinal health and weight control.
- He considers that the body of an elderly
dog works at a lower rate and that his physical activity is reduced. A proper
diet should contemplate:
- Controlled levels of sodium and phosphorus to contribute to the proper functioning of your kidneys.
- Highly digestible proteins
- Balanced fiber content, which favors a healthy digestive tract.
- A balance of minerals and omega 3 fatty acids to help your bones and joints.
- Make enough vitamin C. This will delay brain wear, as it acts as an antioxidant. In addition, some lipids (phosphatidylserine) can help keep neurons active.
- Try a fluffy bed. A padded surface will take care of your joints. For no reason should your dog sleep on the floor?
- Vaccinate and deworm it as directed by the veterinarian.
Remember that old age is just one more stage of life, not a disease. Make your puppy go through that stage in the best possible way with all the care you need and with all the care you deserve. Frequent caresses will make your old man a happy animal.