Responsibility With Potentially Dangerous Dogs
Being a dog caregiver implies a series of responsibilities that go far beyond simply caring for the animal.
While an important part of having a dog has to do with monitoring health and ensuring the best possible environment, there are also several commitments, for example, those acquired with potentially dangerous dogs.
What are potentially dangerous dogs?
As potentially dangerous dogs (or PPP) it is as it is known to some dogs that depending on the characteristics of their breed can cause serious injury or death to people or animals.
In general, this standard does not determine that a race is aggressive, but it is strong enough that its tenure is regulated.
The PPP changes depending on the legislation of each country, there are also some additions by the Autonomous Communities, therefore it is important to consult and be well-informed to know if our pet belongs to any of the PPP breeds, as this will imply some legal responsibilities About your possession.
The characteristics that are taken into account to determine that a race can be potentially dangerous are the following:
- Robust appearance, powerful musculature, agile, resistant and vigorous.
- Great value and strong temperament.
- Short hair.
- Broad chest, which allows a powerful lung capacity. In general between 60 and 80 centimeters.
- The weight that exceeds 20 kilos in adult life.
- A height of between 50 and 70 centimeters.
- Big and strong jaws.
- Wide neck, limbs, and loin, strong and short, which must be muscular.
The most common breeds that are part of potentially dangerous dogs are:
- Pitbull terrier
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Argentine Dogo
- Tosa Inu
- Brazilian Row
Currently, some countries also include dogs resulting from mixtures between these breeds.
There are also some characteristics and requirements that people must meet before acquiring a dog of this breed.
Requirements to have a PPP
If a person sits with the ability to have an animal included in a list of dangerous dogs, they must generally meet some requirements to acquire a license at the town hall where they reside.
It is important to acquire a license. Otherwise, you can risk having your pet removed and will face legal problems.
Keep in mind that some of these requirements may be omitted, or others may be added depending on the country, but in general terms, they would be the following :
- Being of legal age and not presenting a permanent disability that may hinder the care and control of the animal.
- You cannot have been convicted of violent crimes, for example, murder, injury to third parties or sexual assault.
- Not have penalties for inappropriate possession of animals.
- Not having been in a band or linked to drug trafficking.
- Obtain a certificate of physical and psychological aptitude.
- Buy liability insurance for damages to third parties, which will be used if the dog hurts another person, their property or other animals.
- Certificate of vaccination and that is dewormed.
- A certificate that the dog shows no signs of aggressiveness.
- Renew the license every 5 years to maintain its validity.
- You must register any change in your data at the town hall in a period not exceeding 15 days.
These requirements are only to acquire the tenure license.
There are other requirements on the possession of the specific animal, especially those related to living together and the spaces in which the dog must share with others:
- They must circulate in public spaces with muzzle and chain or belt. This should not be extensible and the maximum length should be 2 meters.
- The muzzle should be according to the size and breed of the dog.
- Only one dog in this class should be walked per person.
- A minor must never walk it.
Likewise, having a dog without a license or failing to comply with any of the commitments can generate economic sanctions ranging between 150 and 15,000 euros, depending on the seriousness of the breach.
The infractions that generate the highest penalties are those related to abandoning the care of the dog, not having a license, selling or giving away a PPP without having a license for it or training it to activate the aggressiveness of the dog.
Very serious infractions, in general, involve confiscation, sterilization or, in very special cases, the sacrifice of the can.