Dog Food According to Its Characteristics
Part of taking good care of your dog is knowing how to feed it, but what many caregivers do not take into consideration is that dogs have nutritional needs that go well beyond their breed or size.
Let’s look at some of the features that require a specific diet and which dog food works best according to this:
Dogs under one year old have very different energy needs from adults, as well as special care. During the first weeks of life, puppies get everything they need from their mother.
Once they have been weaned, approximately between a month and a half and two months, puppies should consume specialized food for this stage, which is characterized by having a high content of colostrum, which is the main component of breast milk.
They should also start consuming animal protein different from that provided by the mother, as well as looking for foods rich in vitamins that allow a correct development of brain and muscle activity, in addition to a high content in animal fats, as puppies need to rise from weight quickly.
Feed for older dogs
Like puppies, older dogs require a special diet. Because they find it difficult to digest elements such as glucose, you must provide them with an alternative energy source.
Likewise, fats and proteins should be controlled because, by decreasing physical activity, they tend to gain weight rapidly.
Oral health is of paramount importance. In ages older than seven, dogs tend to lose teeth due to wear, so it is better to give them a soft or semi-soft diet that will also help with digestion.
Feeding obese dogs
Overfeeding is a frequent problem that leads to dogs suffering from obesity. This causes the appearance of different kinds of diseases, such as osteoarthritis, which puts the dog’s quality of life at risk and shortens its life expectancy.
To treat a dog with obesity it is advised to take a diet rich in fiber and low in fat, as well as always feed it at the same time and remove the dish once finished eating.
It is also suggested supplementing it with daily exercise to help you achieve an ideal weight.
Dogs with skin problems and allergies
There is a difference between dogs with sensitive skin and dogs with allergies, although both situations manifest themselves in the skin and fur of the dog.
In the case of dogs with sensitive skin, it is mainly due to genetic disposition and is present in breeds such as Bulldog and Boxer. In this case, it can be treated with foods rich in fatty acids such as omega 3 (for example, fish, especially salmon).
In the case of dogs with an allergy, it is recommended to consume hypoallergenic feed and apply an elimination diet in order to determine which product or products are generating the reaction in the dog.
Feeding for dogs with sensitive stomachs
Like skin sensitivity, some dogs have a tendency to develop digestive problems or have more sensitive stomachs and digestive systems.
In the case of breeds such as poodles and, in general, small dogs, it is common to develop these kinds of problems, so it is advisable to feed them with easy-to-digest food, especially those that contain lamb or egg.
Feed for neutered dogs
The castration is one of the most commonly used ways of the control dog population and an element decreased aggressiveness in the case of males and females in the reduction of behavioral problems during estrus.
However, this situation tends to increase the chances of suffering from obesity if the dog does not exercise properly, so it is recommended, at least during the first months after surgery, to have a low-fat diet.