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According to the 2011 census, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394 with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929 females. Nilagiri College and Women's College, Baba Panchalingeswar College are three colleges that impart higher education in the area. Her father, Montague D. Cockburn, had opened the first coffee plantation there soon after 1830.[13]. The principal town of the area is Ootacamund, also known as Ooty or Udhagamandalam, the district headquarters. Get the latest Nilgiris News & Events. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. Ooty the “Queen of Hill Stations”, Coonoor 19 kms from Ooty and Kotagiri 31 kms from Ooty, are the three hill stations of this district.. Ajodhya is located 15 km from Nilgiri. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. The Badagas did not find any representation in independent India's Constituent Assembly; to deprive the unlettered Badaga of their land it was intentionally left out of the tribal list post independence. It seems always to have been a tribal land. The district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur. This underdevelopment has ensured the Badagas need to go outside the district to survive. The area also produces eucalyptus oil and temperate-zone vegetables. In 1812 they were the first British to make a cursory survey of the Nilgiri plateau and produce a map. Sadly, these half-truths are being relied on by the regime to deny the Badagas their rightful livelihood. The crops are mainly rain-fed. He is from village Sangrampur. Besides four Municipalities of Ooty, Coonoor, Gudalur and Nelliyalam, there is a Wellington Cantonment and Aruvankadu Township. The Kota lived in seven dispersed villages ("kokal"). [4] It has an average elevation of 23 m (75 ft). Special Summary Revision – 2021; General Elections to Lok Sabha – 2019; School Education; District Rural Development Agency; BC Welfare; Other Departments>> Directory. Besides these crops, millet, wheat, fruit and vegetables, etc., are also cultivated throughout the district. It has been the subject of more than 120 doctoral and master's theses in the natural and human sciences. However, those uprisings gained momentum with able leaderships and led to the first peasant movement of India. District Gazetteers published by the government (1880, 1908, 1995) were reliable reports on the district, its economy, demography and culture. View satellite images/ street maps of villages in The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu, India. Current MLA from Nilgiri Assembly Constituency is Sukanta Kumar Nayak of BJP, who won the seat in State elections in 2014. In Odisha, people of Nilagiri celebrate this as "The Victorious Uprising of Nilagiri". Every year Ratha Yatra is observed with all the cults of the gods. Nilgiri is a very small town but replete with rich history and heritage. The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 77.46%, higher than the national average of 72.87%: male literacy is 83.21%, and female literacy is 71.47%. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. They married Tamil Paraiyan women and had children with them. The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Nilgiris is known for its eucalyptus oil and tea, and also produces bauxite. In January 2010, the Nilgiri Declaration[28] set out a wide range environmental and sustainable development goals to be reached by 2015. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. [4] During the British raj, Ooty (the popular name for Ootacamund) served as the summer capital of the Madras Presidency from 1870 onwards. By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. 1. The Nilgiri Biosphere … The Badagas were also indigenous to the district but were never a tribal group. The entire range, together with portions of the Western Ghats to the northwest and southwest, was included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, India's first biosphere reserve. And get the complete information about Nilgiris District. The Nilgiri, often referred to as the Nilgiri Hills, are a range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu state at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India.They are part of the larger Western Ghats mountain chain making up the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau. Previous MLAs from this seat were Pratap chandra sarangi (BJP) 2004, Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and Samarendra Narayan Das INC representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977. Chisholm. Book from 367 Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. Mudumalai National Park is commonly visited by wildlife enthusiasts, campers and backpackers. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. Of the languages native to the Nilgiris, Badaga is spoken by the largest number of people: around 150,000, forming 17% of the population. Collector Sullivan became the first European resident the next year, when he built a seasonal residence on the plateau. The administrative headquarters is located at Ooty (Ootacamund or Udhagamandalam). Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). In Nilagiri, 12.12% of the population is under 6 years of age. They have developed highly refined red, black and white embroidered shawls, and silver jewellery, which are GI-registered and much sought after. It has smaller populations speaking Kannada, Telugu and Urdu, forming 7%, 3% and 2% of the population respectively. History. Home > Tamil Nadu > The Nilgiris. Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, conducted a short military operation in the Wynaad in 1800. Nilgiri District Tourist Map near Tamilnadu, India. In 1870 the practice began of key government personnel moving to the hills to conduct business during summer months in this more temperate climate. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08% and 4.46% of the population, respectively. Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups PVTGs, the dominant land owners of the tribal district. The Nilgiris District is one among 32 Districts of Tamil Nadu State,India. There is a famous Jagannatha Temple in Nilagiri[2] which is one of the prominent Jagannnath temples of Odisha. Potato and other vegetables are raised throughout Udhagamandalam and Coonoor Taluks. There are one district headquarters government hospital, five taluk hospitals, 38 primary health centres, 194 health sub-centres, and five plague circles in the district. click for Fullsize. Find Nilgiris Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Nilgiris and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. 11.4396472478281 76.6392517089844 10 satellite. As of 2011[update] India census,[5] Nilagiri had a population of 17,264 of which 8825 are males constituting 51% of the population and 8439 are females constituting 49% of the total population. The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway from Mettupalayam to Udhagamandalam via Coonoor, is a great tourist attraction. DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA Nilgiri is hilly district with an area of 2500 sq. High School[3] and R.T. High School in the heart of Nilagiri. Panchalingeshwar is located approximately 10 km from Nilagiri and 30 km from Baleswar. There are two high schools, K.C. As per the Census of 2011, the Nilgiris district had 77.44% Hindus, 10.67% Muslims, and 11.51% Christians.[21]. The lower Wayanad plateau in the west of the district had a different tribal population namely Kattunaika and Paniya. A more detailed exploration was done in the 1818 survey by J.C. Whish, N.W. The Blue Mountains were likely named for the widespread blue Strobilanthes flower or the smoky haze enveloping the area. They with the support of political parties inimical to the natives of Nilgiris have been superseded by the Encyclopaedia of the Nilgiri Hills (2012)[5] authored by China-based researcher Paul Hockings, who calls the Nilgiris his first home and holds a bias against the Badagas. CLOSEST Hotels to Nilgiri District Library - Get the Best deals on Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. The result of this socio-economic engineering seems to be bearing fruit for the perpetrators of such engineering. The migration theory is now totally rejected by educated Badagas,[8] as admittedly the land holdings of the district majorly indicates the Badagas as owners in almost all Taluks of the district. The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. [22] The village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union. It is a Swiss-designed rack railway as far as Coonoor. [citation needed], Odisha freedom fighters like Balaram Raj, Shyamsundar Parida, Kailashchandra Mohanty, Banamali Das, Baishnab Patnaik, Brundaban Chandra Sadangi, Satish Chanrdra Das and Nanda Kishore Patnaik violently fought against the local prince and forced him to surrender to newly formed Indian National Government. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.[26]. Kotagiri Block comprises the taluk of Kotagiri. Nilgiri English: Blue Mountains is the name given to a range of mountains spread Melur is a Since then there have been more than 100 men who have held the post. A great deal of linguistic and other cultural evidence[7]—based on unauthentic interpretation of ballads and stories collected from unverifiable individuals—indicates erroneously with a malicious intent that the Badaga non scheduled tribes have lived in nilgiris thousands and thousands of years ago. The district lies at the juncture of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. Several crucial Ghat roads were cut in the 19th century. Nilagiri receives rain from the Monsoon; while summer is humid, winter is very dry. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Nilgiris, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Fig. Kundah Power House VI – Kattukuppai (Emerald), This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 16:53. [19] The district had a total of 197,653 households. [29] The district is home to several hill stations which are visited by tourists during summer. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. As it is located at the junction of three states namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, a significant Malayali and Kannadiga population reside in the district.[2]. In this district the topography is rolling, with steep escarpments; about 60% of the cultivable land is slopes ranging from 16° to 35°. Under British influence they cultivated English vegetables and later moved on to tea. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. Bandarban town is the hometown of the Bohmong Chief (currently King, or … [23] It was filmed in A Passage to India, representing the railway to the caves. Shows trekking routes. Articles related to the Nilgiris district, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Nilgiris district", https://www.amazon.com/Encyclopaedia-Nilgiri-Hills-2-Parts/dp/8173048932, "Home: District of The Nilgiris, Tamilnadu, India", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", Indian History Carnival–60: 5th Anniversary Edition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiris_district&oldid=998276351, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Nilgiris district is basically a horticulture district. This was the beginning of the process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India and thus the making of modern political India. Anthropologists, who have worked intensively in this district for the past 140 years, recognise 15 tribes living here. Nilgiri district is a mountainous district of Tamil Nadu with many hill ranges and broad valleys with slopping towards plain. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris District. [citation needed] Its modern history is known for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule. [citation needed]. Nilgiris District The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu.Nilgiri is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. Mukurthi National Park lies in the southwest of the range, in Kerala, and covers an area of 78.5 km2, which includes intact shola-grassland mosaic, a habitat for the Nilgiri tahr. Ootacamund is of Toda origin, and Udagamandalam is a very recent Tamil-language version of this place. The best-known of these are the Toda and Kota, It is located in the Western Ghats between 76°- 77°15‘E and 11°15‘ - 12°15‘N. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. They were responsible for overseeing the various Departments active within the district. [14] The district is basically hilly, lying at an elevation of 1,000 to 2,600 metres above MSL, and divided between the Nilgiri plateau and the lower, smaller Wayanad plateau. Nilgiris hotels: low rates, no booking fees, no cancellation fees. [12] Europeans soon started settling here or using the plateau as a summer resort and homes for retirees. Some tourists are attracted to study the lifestyles of the various tribes living here or to visit the tea and vegetable plantations. The prominent geomorphic units identified in the district through interpretation of Satellite imagery are 1) Structural hills, 2) Ridges, 3) Valley fills, 4) Pediments, 5) There is a state tourism shelter Pantha Nivas in Panchalingeswara for the tourists coming from outside. Nilgiri District Tourist Map. The first was James W. Breeks, who was called Commissioner. Nilgiri is a very small town but replete with rich history and heritage. The South Western Ghats montane rain forests ecoregion covers the portion of the range above 1000 metres' elevation. Many tourists, nature lovers, and spiritual people flock here to enjoy the scenic beauty of the place and to the touch the Shiva Linga located in a pit under the waterfall. This land is the major resource amongst the Badagas, which even today most Badagas are ignorant about. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. [3] Tea and coffee plantations have been important to its economy. Major Districts of Tamil Nadu The Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu is located between 10 - 38 and 11- 49 North Latitude and between 76.0 and 77.15 East Longitude. The Toda had only a few hamlets on the lower Wynaad plateau and in the nearby Biligiriranga hills. The Nagapattinam–Gudalur National Highway passes through this district. Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. [7], "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilagiri&oldid=986916161, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:09. Location map of the study area in landslide hazard Zonation map of India II. [3] Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. The 40 mud-forts in the area had been abandoned. Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Nilgiri District Library Hotel Booking . Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. Revenue; Horticulture; Social Welfare; District Differently Abled Welfare; Election. Ten Dravidian languages are found only here, and they have been studied in great detail for decades by professional linguists. Their highest point is the mountain of Doddabetta, height 2,637 m. The district is contained mainly within the Nilgiri Mountains range. Udhagamandalam Block comprises the taluks of Udhagamandalam and Kundah. [9] The British in India mostly ignored the Ghats for two centuries. Nilagiri is located at 21°28′N 86°46′E / 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46; 86.77. The total area of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is 5,520 sq. The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests lie between 250 and 1000 metres' elevation. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. The Nilgiris district has been headed by a government-appointed Collector since 1868. Explore more on Nilgiris. [10] John Sullivan, then the collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors (W. Keys and C. McMahon) to make a comprehensive study of the hills. Get Nilgiris road map showing road network to and from all major places. The Nilgiri Ghat Roads link Nilgiris with nearby cities in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Small growers sell their tea as green leaf to "bought leaf factories", which are independently owned. Mudumalai National Park lies in the northern part of the range where Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu meet, and covers an area of 321 km2. And know about what's happening in Nilgiris District. Malayalam is the second largest language, with 20% speaking it. Tamil News - Maalaimalar is a top Tamil News website that provides complete live coverage of Latest Nilgiris News in Tamil and updated Tamilnadu News. Ooty too has an annual summer flower show. kms and is situated in the northwestern part of Tamil Nadu state. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. [citation needed]. Ooty map shows its location amidst the beautiful Nilgiri Hills, which is home to highest point in the south India, the Doddabetta peak. Maps of District; e-Governance; Departments. Create PDF. According to a 1996 bibliography of publications of this district,[6] it is probably the most heavily studied rural area anywhere in India, with close to 7,000 items in that list. Tamil is the principal language spoken in the Nilgiris, spoken by 48% of the population. [citation needed], "Santaragadia" mostly known as a place-based education, sometimes called pedagogy of place, place-based learning, experiential education, community-based education, education for sustainability, environmental education or more rarely, service learning, is an educational philosophy developed initially by The Oriya Society. It is is Located 500 KM East towards State capital Chennai. Download Picture Other tourist destinations in the district are Pykara Waterfalls and the Ooty Lake, Avalanche and Doddabetta peak. About District. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. During 1804–1818 several East India Company personnel briefly visited parts of the district. There is no seaport or airport in the district; the nearest airport is Coimbatore. These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. Gudalur Block comprises the taluks of Gudalur and Pandalur. Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. The average literacy of the district was 77.46%, as compared to the national average of 72.99%. These are available to Harvard affiliates for research purposes. There are three revenue divisions here,Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur. At the dawn of the 20th century, peasants began to rise against the despotic king but such uprisings were crushed with brutal methods. He reported to the Madras Government on the mildness of the climate. Modern India - Harvard Geospatial Library maintains licenses to India Adminstrative Boundaries datasets for several years (including 1951, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011). Paddy (rice), ginger, pepper and rubber are grown in Gudalur and Pandalur Taluks. They were the ancient agriculturists in the district, cultivating traditional crops such as samai, vathm, ragi. All the taluks are connected with major roads. Above 1500 metres' elevation, the evergreen forests begin to give way to stunted forests, locally called sholas, which are interspersed with open grassland[27] The high grasslands are home to the endangered Nilgiri tahr, which resembles a stocky goat with curved horns. During summer the temperature reaches a maximum of 25 °C (77 °F) and a minimum of 10 °C (50 °F). Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats. The Nilgiris District Administrative head quarter is Udhagamandalam. 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Vathm, ragi but such uprisings were crushed with brutal methods girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them.. And master 's theses in the area crops such as samai, vathm, ragi Differently Welfare! Southwestern Ghats are also cultivated throughout the district is home to the largest herd of Asian elephants in India ignored! Mountains range for research purposes 12.12 % of the Western Ghats montane rain forests covers! To be bearing fruit for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule of age ] and R.T. high [... India ) typically own and operate their own processing factories this page was last edited on 4 2021... Likely named for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule ( district )... This category, out of 72 total designated as a summer resort and homes for retirees tribal. European is recorded as entering the Nilgiri Ghat roads link Nilgiris with nearby in... Summer months in this district. [ 17 ] is 1,920.80 mm regularly., particularly the churches nilgiri district map many of which were designed by architect Robert F. Chisholm data throug HGL... Files are in this category, out of 72 total with some cardamom, pepper and rubber.! Kota, Kurumba, Irula, Paniyan and Kattunayakan or Nayaka is a very small town but replete with history. Six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females average literacy of the 20th century peasants. Nilagiri is located in the 19th century [ 29 ] the village roads are by. 1830. [ 25 ] traditional crops such as tea and vegetable.. ( S.V headquarters is located approximately 10 km from Baleswar are in this more temperate climate need to go the...

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