human trafficking statistics by country
Central Asia, Middle East and North Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016. Home Office, National Referral Mechanism Statistics: UK, End of Year Summary, 2019. Human trafficking is a serious crime against freedom which violates human dignity and bodily integrity. A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons launched today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) provides new information on a crime that shames us all. (ILO, 2017) IOM data brief on child victims of human trafficking, IOM data brief on victims of trafficking on the road, Addressing Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Times of Crisis, International Organization for Migration (IOM) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). National estimates of trafficking prevalence have been produced in several countries. These are just a few of the stories of human trafficking victims included in the report. There is limited reliable data on human trafficking and exploitation in displacement contexts. Surprisingly, in 30% of the countries which provided information on the gender In addition to government surveys, UNODC collects official information such as police reports that are available in the public domain, and some information from inter-governmental organisations and NGOs. IOM, UNICEF. of convictions, by year, by country, gender, age, etc. The Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative, United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, predictors of vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation for migrants, Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. For example, data from UNODC and CTDC show that trafficking for forced labour has a higher rate in Africa and the Middle East than trafficking for sexual exploitation, while the opposite is true for regions such as Europe and Northern America.1 This is partly reflected in the CTDC data above, where an increase of available case data from Northern America from 2015 onwards increased the proportion of victims trafficked for sexual exploitation in the dataset. Initially, trafficking of women and girls for forced sex work and, to a lesser extent, domestic servitude, were the sole focus of advocacy and assistance. The different forms of human trafficking include sexual abuse, work-related abuse, organ trade and forced criminal activity. Central America and Data "This Report increases our understanding of modern slave markets, yet it also exposes our ignorance", said Mr. Costa. Presence of large quantities of human trafficking data may not necessarily indicate higher prevalence, and a paucity of data in certain contexts may be due a lack of effective counter-trafficking responses. Children are also more likely than adults to be trafficked via routes that don’t have official border control points. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2016. I'm having trouble finding statistical data on human trafficking worldwide, e.g. Human Trafficking and Migration. International human rights instruments, or treaties and documents such as declarations, are of general application and... Funding provided by IOM Member States, including the Governments of Germany and Switzerland, as well as unearmarked funding granted to IOM and internally allocated through the Migration Allocation Resource Committee (MIRAC). Under international law, migrants have rights by virtue of their humanity. At the launch of the Report in New York, the Executive Director of UNODC, Antonio Maria Costa said that "many governments It is estimated that between 15,000 to 50,000 women and children are forced into sexual slavery in the United States every year, and the total number varies wildly as it is very difficult to research. ILO, OECD, IOM, UNICEF, Geneva. A Global Report on Trafficking in Persons launched today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Locations of recent regular data collection with human trafficking indicators include Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh, North-East Nigeria, Ukraine, Central and South American countries. Human trafficking is a crime in itself but it is rarely the end goal for the perpetrators. Furthermore, these are the most relevant sources of data when it comes to human trafficking. provides new information on a crime that shames us all. exploitation are predominantly women and girls. 10 Trafficking in human beings Executive summary Introduction In 2013 Eurostat published the first working paper on Trafficking in Human Beings in Europe. Given the hidden nature of human trafficking, it is almost impossible to understand the full scope and scale of the issue. According to a recently released report by the State Department, the … An anonymized version of this dataset is publicly available to download. Finally, humanitarian settings are often highly pressurised and fast changing environments, where conducting rigorous and ethical data collection can be challenging. In 2018, 6,993 potential victims from 130 different countries were referred into the National Referral Mechanism to be identified as survivors of trafficking and to receive support.. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that there are currently 25 million victims of human trafficking around the world. Amongst the most trusted sources for understanding the global situation is the research by the International Labour Organization (ILO).. Monitoring Target 16.2 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals: A multiple systems estimation of the numbers of presumed human trafficking victims in the Netherlands in 2010-2015 by year, age, gender, form of exploitation and nationality, Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018, Methodology of Global Estimates of Modern Slavery, Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains, ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour: Results and Methodology. Furthermore, in the absence of publicly available disaggregated data, official reports may be the only source of data on identified victims available in a given country or region. Worldwide, almost 20% of all trafficking victims are children. By submitting my email address, I agree to receiving occasional newsletters and updates from the Migration Data Portal. In the course of protecting and providing services to victims, counter-trafficking actors frequently collect individual-level, operational case data. (Note: males are indeed sometimes used in sex traffi… Identified cases are better understood as a sample of the unidentified population of victims. Victims of labour exploitation are more likely to be trafficked through official border control points, while victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation account for more cases crossing borders via locations that don’t have official border control points. TALKING MIGRATION DATA: Can we measure irregular migration? of traffickers, women make up the largest proportion of traffickers. Multiple Systems Estimation for estimating the number of victims of human trafficking across the world. MSE depends upon the existence of various databases of identified victims of human trafficking in the country of implementation. According to the Report, the most common form of human trafficking (79%) is sexual exploitation. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. can coordinate the response to human trafficking in either country and exchange key insights. National Human Trafficking Statistics. He pointed to the fact that while the number of convictions for human trafficking is increasing, two out of every five countries There is even neglect when it comes to either reporting on, or prosecuting cases of human trafficking". The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines human trafficking or trafficking in persons: 1. Nearly 25,000 cases of human trafficking were reported to UNODC in 2016, up from approximately 20,000 in 2014 and 17,000 in 2013. IOM works to combat trafficking and protect trafficked persons in humanitarian settings. Norms, tools, templates, guidelines, etc. The practice of using forced labor is also common in the country. "We To increase public awareness of human trafficking and rally the world to fight it, Mr. Costa appointed Academy Award-winning TALKING MIGRATION DATA: Irregular migrants in vulnerable situations and access to basic services, TALKING MIGRATION DATA: Irregular migrants and access to basic services, Operational indicators of trafficking in human beings, Toolkit to Combat Trafficking in Persons Tool 9.15: Use of standardized data collecting instruments, Anti-Trafficking Data Collection and Information Management in the European Union – a Handbook, Human Trafficking: New Directions for Research. The United States is again ranked as one of the worst countries in the world for human trafficking. The TIP Report is an invaluable tool to bring to light the prevalence of human trafficking around the globe and to hold countries accountable for their role in fighting this violation of human … While the portal has been made possible with funding from the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) Switzerland, its content does not necessarily reflect its official policy or position. For example, access to affected populations for data collectors can rapidly change, and services relevant for assistance of victims of human trafficking might not initially exist in crisis-affected locations. One study from the Department of Health and Human Services estimated the number between 240,000 and 325,000, while a report from the University of Pennsylvania put it at between 100,000 and 300,000. Polaris’s data makes very clear that migration – both internal and to another country, legally and otherwise – is a key vulnerability for human trafficking because migrants so often fall outside of the full legal protections of their countries of origin, countries of transit, and countries of … Over time, a higher percentage of men have been identified as it has been acknowledged that men can also be vulnerable to many forms of human trafficking, including sexual exploitation, and the identification of such cases has improved. Human Trafficking Statistics | Polaris Project India 20 6 Guatemala 18 5 Dominican Republic 10 3 •1,591 – Number of T visas granted by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) from FY 2000 through FY 2009 to human trafficking survivors. The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations or the International Organization for Migration. it for lack of data, and many governments are obstructing", he admitted. (Private economy includes: private individuals, groups, or companies in all sectors except the commercial sex industry). Africa, Research Expert talks about making the report, Interview on trafficking in persons in Asia, Mr.Costa Launches According to … Based on data gathered from 155 countries, it offers the first global assessment of the scope of human trafficking and In reality, the extent of human trafficking in the UK is likely to be far greater than the NRM statistics would suggest. Explore our new directory of initiatives at the forefront of using data innovation to improve data on migration. The statistics contained on this website are based on aggregated information learned through signals -- phone calls, texts, online chats, emails, and online tip reports -- received by the Trafficking Hotline. IOM, through DTM, also produces primary data on the migrants’ vulnerability to human trafficking, abuse, exploitation and violence on different migration routes, for example on the main migration routes to Europe. “Trafficking in Persons”… mean[s] the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another perso… Initial estimates have already been conducted in several countries, including the UK and the Netherlands. Although trafficking seems to imply people moving across continents, most exploitation takes place close to home. Researchers developing the method have estimated that it could potentially be used in approximately 50 countries around the world. The United Nations Protocol against Trafficking in Persons - the foremost international agreement in this area - entered Relatively few examples of estimates of related forms of exploitation exist: Trafficking in humanitarian settings and large-scale migration flows. and social scientists to improve information-gathering and -sharing on human trafficking. While many organizations and governments around the world collect data on cases of human trafficking, disaggregated data has not been easily accessible to external stakeholders or has not been frequently shared between relevant actors in the past due to the sensitivity of its content, and data protection and confidentiality considerations. Human trafficking often includes emotional abuse, oppression and humiliation. It is also a very lucrative crime in Europe. This is based on the analysis of the overlap of multiple lists of human trafficking cases provided by different actors in the counter-trafficking field, such as NGOs, law enforcement, other authorities and international organizations. While some forms of trafficking could be a direct result of crises, such as exploitative sexual services demanded by armed groups or the forced recruitment of child soldiers, others are less evident, with traffickers thriving on the widespread human, material, social and economic losses caused by crises and the inability of families and communities to protect themselves and their children. However, there are still many countries that lack the This sample may be biased if some types of trafficking cases are more likely to be identified (or referred) than others. Therefore, data coverage is not always comprehensive. victims, increase the risks to traffickers, and lower demand for the goods and services of modern-day slaves", he said. It includes: an overview of trafficking patterns; legal steps taken in response; and country-specific The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines human trafficking or trafficking in persons: The Protocol further elaborates that the consent of a trafficked person may be rendered irrelevant when obtained through improper means: In the case of trafficked children, the Protocol elaborates that the vulnerable status of children makes it impossible for them to consent regardless of whether any improper means were used or not: Since the early 2000s, the proportion of identified cases of trafficking for sexual exploitation has in general declined, while the share of identified cases of trafficking for forced labour has generally increased, as identification of such cases has improved. Half of the victims identified by CTDC partners are under 26. ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour: Results and Methodology. information on reported cases of trafficking in persons, victims, and prosecutions. Many countries are highlighted in this field, so a list of the top 10 countries famous for human trafficking are introduced in this article. Migrant Vulnerability to Human Trafficking and Exploitation: Evidence from the Central and Eastern Mediterranean Migration Routes. The data gathered during these operations can be used to better understand risks to trafficking, vulnerability to exploitation, gaps in assistance and to identify areas of further research. A large proportion of victims identified are female, as human trafficking had previously tended to be seen as a crime which affects mostly females who are trafficked for sexual exploitation. By putting such data in the public domain, the goal of CTDC is to break down information-sharing barriers and equip the counter-trafficking community with up to date, reliable data on human trafficking. the public at large to step up the fight against trafficking in persons. Not all countries can be sampled due to resource constraints, security reasons, or the presence of large-scale humanitarian emergencies. United Nations, Vienna. Data with trafficking indicators are collected in countries like Italy, Libya, or Greece. The victims of sexual There are also ethical considerations and further challenges related to large-scale household surveys in terms of the sensitivity of certain questions (for example, questions related to sexual exploitation or violence) and the difficulty of collecting data about children. Galos, E., L. Bartolini, H. Cook and N. Grant. The National Human Trafficking Hotline maintains one of the most extensive data sets on the issue of human trafficking in the United States. are still in denial. In some parts of the world, women trafficking women is United Nations, Vienna. 10 Uganda: Uganda is familiar with the negative living conditions. Several UN agencies and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have collaborated to produce data sources on the profiles of victims of human trafficking, the prevalence of human trafficking, and on related phenomena such as forced labour and forced marriage. This is due to trafficking’s complicated legal definition and the ethical challenges of addressing sensitive questions to household survey respondents. Women in Equatorial Guinea are highly vulnerable to sex trafficking. forced labour is less frequently detected and reported than trafficking for sexual exploitation. United Nations, New York. 1 Global Report on Trafficking in Persons. The GCM’s 10th Objective also calls for specific measures to prevent and combat trafficking in persons in the context of international migration. However, they are commonly based on modelling of existing administrative data from identified cases and should therefore only be considered as basic baseline estimates. "If we do not overcome this knowledge 5 of the Worst Countries for Human Trafficking The crime, recognized by the United Nations' World Day Against Trafficking in Persons, exploits people for sex or forced labor. For convenience, all human trafficking by country should be included in this category. crisis we will be fighting the problem blindfolded", he warned. The second most common form of human trafficking is forced labour (18%), although this may be a misrepresentation because of victims, no. Human trafficking, also called trafficking in persons, form of modern-day slavery involving the illegal transport of individuals by force or deception for the purpose of labour, sexual exploitation, or activities in which others benefit financially.Human trafficking is a global problem affecting people of all ages. Human trafficking Human trafficking has received increasing global attention over the past decade. covered by the UNODC Report had not recorded a single conviction. ILO, Geneva. To overcome these challenges, in 2017, IOM made its own data publicly available online through the Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative (CTDC), along with combined data from other leading counter-trafficking organizations with significant case-level datasets. Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. As new data from contributing partners are added, CTDC will continue to expand in scope, featuring new datasets from diverse counter-trafficking actors and disseminating standards on sharing trafficking-case data. trafficking victims will move people to take action against modern-day slavery", said the Executive Director of UNODC. 729 visas were issued between FY 2000 and FY 2006.25 To request a high-resolution file of this poster, please fill out this what is being done to fight it. Ending child labour, forced labour and human trafficking in global supply chains. Nearly a quarter of them are children. UK trafficking statistics. Nearly 80 per cent of international human trafficking journeys cross through official border control points, such as airports and land border control points. Trafficking in human beings is a serious crime and a gross violation of human rights, which can be classified as a modern form of slavery. The crime of human trafficking is complex and dynamic, taking place in a wide variety of contexts and difficult to detect. Operational case data and victim profiles. The head of UNODC therefore called on governments Sampling best practices can also be challenging to implement in some environments. There are many ways in which women and children are trafficked. Even if this is the case, the extent of the bias is rarely known, since the unidentified population is, by definition, unknown. "More must be done to reduce the vulnerability of These are usually collected by a range of different actors, including law enforcement, the judiciary, and non-governmental organizations providing protection and assistance to victims. (ILO, 2017) 16 million people are trafficked for forced labor in the private economy. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018. Some national estimates have been developed, including using human trafficking administrative data: Multiple Systems Estimation is the methodology used to estimate the total (unidentified and identified) victims of trafficking at country level. This includes all human trafficking that can also be found in the subcategories. Historically, producing estimates of the prevalence of trafficking based on the collection of new primary data, for example through surveys, has been difficult. show intra-regional and domestic trafficking are the major forms of trafficking in persons.